Related Services

Related Services are defined in the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) as “transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education.” The Minnesota Department of Education (MDE) provides information and resources to assist related service personnel to meet the needs of students receiving special education services.

Related services in schools may include but are not limited to:


Counseling services
Early identification and assessment of disabilities in children
Interpreting services
Medical services (for diagnostic or evaluation purposes)
Occupational therapy
Orientation and mobility services
Parent counseling and training
Physical therapy
Psychological services
Recreation including therapeutic recreation
Rehabilitation counseling
School health services and school nurse services
Social work services in schools
Speech-language pathology services

Links to national and state professional organizations for related service personnel

American Occupational Therapists Association (AOTA)
American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)
American School Counselor Association (ASCA)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)
Minnesota Chapter of the American Physical Therapy Association
► Minnesota Occupational Therapy Association (MOTA)
Minnesota School Counselors Association (MSCA)
Minnesota School Psychologist Association (MSPA)
Minnesota School Social Worker Association (MSSWA)
Minnesota Speech-Language-Hearing Association (MSHA)
National Association of School Nurses (NASN)
National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)
School Nurse Organization of Minnesota (SNOM)
School Social Worker Association of America (SSWAA)

Additional Resources

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) serves the nation as a central source of information on disabilities in infants, toddlers, children, and youth. The center also provides easy-to-read information on IDEA. There are State Resource Sheets that provide information on disability agencies and organizations in each state.

The IRIS Center is a national center that aims to provide high-quality resources for college and university faculty and professional development providers about students with disabilities by offering free online interactive resources that translate research about the education of students with disabilities into practice. The materials cover a wide variety of evidence-based topics, including behavior, RTI, learning strategies, progress monitoring and related services.

Sam Ortiz Videos on Cross Battery Assessments for English Language Learner (ELL) students can be found on the Minnesota School Psychology website. There are six sessions on the following topics:

  • The Testing of Bilinguals: Early Influences and a Lasting Legacy
  • Implications of Language Development for ELLs
  • Effect of Early Language Development and Language of Instruction on Academic Outcomes
  • Traditional and Current Approaches in the Evaluation of ELLs
  • Current Approaches in the Evaluation of ELLs (continued): Introduction to the Culture-Language Interpretive Matrix (C-LIM)
  • Case Studies in the Interpretation of the C-LIM

The Minnesota Positive Behavior interventions and Supports (PBIS) site represents the energy, collaborative work and learning of a broad constituency of Minnesota schoolwide PBIS implementers, trainers, coaches, practitioners, stakeholders, teachers, advocates, researchers, volunteers, administrators, regional and Minnesota PBIS project leadership staff.

The Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports has been established by the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), U.S. Department of Education to give schools capacity-building information and technical assistance for identifying, adapting, and sustaining effective school-wide disciplinary practices.

Intervention Central provides teachers, schools and districts with free resources to help struggling learners and implement Response to Intervention.

The Evidenced Based Intervention Network has been developed to provide guidance in the selection and implementation of evidence-based interventions in the classroom setting.

Learning Port is a National Online Library of Professional Development Resources developed to help bridge research, policy and practice. This library provides local educators with easy access to an array of resources that can be used or customized to meet their needs.

The IDEA Partnership reflects the collaborative work of more than 50 national organizations, technical assistance providers, and organizations and agencies at state and local level. Together with OSEP, the Partner Organizations form a community with the potential to transform the way we work and improve outcomes for students and youth with disabilities.

The National Professional Development Center on Autism is a multi-university center to promote the use of evidence-based practice for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.

The Autism Internet Modules were developed with one aim in mind: to make comprehensive, up-to-date, and usable information on autism accessible and applicable to educators, other professionals, and families who support individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Written by experts from across the U.S., all online modules are free, and are designed to promote understanding of, respect for, and equality of persons with ASD.

The National Autism Center is May Institute’s center for the promotion of evidence-based practice. It is a nonprofit organization dedicated to serving children and adolescents with ASD by providing reliable information, promoting best practices, and offering comprehensive resources for families, practitioners, and communities

Literacy Information and Communication System (LINCS) is a national dissemination and professional development system, providing information on literacy research, practice, and resources.

The purpose of the I am NORM campaign is to promote inclusion by seeking to redefine the meaning of “normal” in our culture. It was inspired by the work from Including Samuel by Dan Habib which is a highly personal, passionately photographed film that captures the cultural and systemic barriers to inclusion.